Tuesday, January 10, 2012

Les Soeurs franciscaines missionaires de Marie ont 135 ans! - Resumption of Ordinary Time

Sceau de la Congregation, rue Presland

 

Le vendredi passé, l’abbé Daniel Berniquez et moi, nous sommes allés visiter les Sœurs franciscaines missionnaires de Marie à l’ occasion du 135e anniversaire de leur fondation aux Indes.  Il y a quelques années elles on vendu leur maison, rue Presland, et le jour du grand départ arrive sous peu : cinq religieuses déménageront à la Maison-mère à Montréal et celles qui restent, iront dans une maison, promenade Riverside, prise en location.

La supérieure Sœur Carmelle nous a accueillies avec chaleur au nom de la communauté. Les fmm ont reçu le groupe Queenship of Mary avec aspiration à la vie consacrée, pour une année de formation initiale.  En reconnaissance, ces dernières ont chanté en français quelques chants de Noel.


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La congrégation des franciscaines missionnaires de Marie a été fondée à Ootacamund par la Bienheureuse Helene Marie Philippine de Chappotin de Neuville, en religion Sœur Marie de la Passion—née le 21 mai 1839 à Nantes, décédée à Sanremo (Italie) le 15 novembre 1904—qui avait reçu le 6 janvier 1877 l'autorisation du Bx. Pie IX de fonder un nouvel institut spécifiquement destiné aux Missions.

Historique


Mère Marie de la Passion fonde une maison autonome à Ootacamund aux Indes, après sécession avec sa communauté d'origine, et le Bx. Pie IX approuve cette nouvelle congrégation en 1877, avec un noviciat à Saint-Brieuc. Elle est destituée de son poste de supérieure en 1883 à cause d'oppositions externes, mais elle est réhabilitée l'année suivante après enquête du Saint-Siège. En 1885, les constitutions sont approuvées avec affiliation au Tiers-Ordre régulier de Saint-François. L'institut est approuvé définitivement en 1896.

En 1904, année de sa mort, l'institut comptait 2 069 religieuses dans quatre-vingt-six maisons, fondées dans vingt-quatre pays. En 2002, les franciscaines missionnaires de Marie étaient 7,700 dans soixante-dix-sept pays des cinq continents ; elles sont environ 7,000 actuellement dans plus de 800 communautés.

 

Apostolat


Les franciscaines missionnaires de Marie sont vouées à la mission universelle, prêtes à aller partout et à tous, pour annoncer l’Evangile du Salut à ceux à qui le Christ n'a pas été révélé, à ceux parmi lesquels l'Église est moins présente, avec une préférence pour les pauvres. Elles organisent des séjours en coopération pour les jeunes de 25 à 35 ans.

La supérieure générale est une Australienne, élue en 2008 pour six ans, Sœur Suzanne Phillips, fmm.


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ORDINARY TIME RESUMES TODAY





Ordinary Time is the liturgical period outside of the distinctive liturgical seasons, and runs 33 or 34 weeks. In Latin, Ordinary Time is called Tempus Per Annum ("time throughout the year"). Ordinary Time falls between Christmas and Lent, and between Easter and Advent, exclusive.

Introduction

The Latin Tempus Per Annum ("time throughout the year") is rendered into English as "Ordinary Time." Many sources, online and in print, suggest that Ordinary Time gets its name from the word ordinal, meaning "numbered," since the Sundays of Ordinary Time, as in other seasons, are expressed numerically.

However, others suggest the etymology of "Ordinary Time" is related to our word "ordinary" (which itself has a connotation of time and order, derived from the Latin word ordo). Ordinary Time occurs outside of other liturgical time periods, periods in which specific aspects of the mystery of Christ are celebrated. According to The General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, the days of Ordinary Time, especially the Sundays, "are devoted to the mystery of Christ in all its aspects."

Ordinary Time, depending on the year, runs either 33 or 34 weeks. When it runs 33 weeks, one of the numbered weeks must be omitted. The number that gets omitted is the one that would normally be scheduled to be observed after Pentecost Sunday. For example, in 2010, there were 9 weeks of winter Ordinary Time, so logically, the 10th Week of Ordinary Time should be scheduled after Pentecost. However, because there were only 33 weeks of Ordinary Time in 2010, the 10th week was skipped, and actual numbered week observed was the 11th week of Ordinary Time.

Basically, Ordinary Time encompasses that part of the Christian year that does not fall within the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent, or Easter. The Catholic Church celebrates two periods of the year as Ordinary Time. The first period begins after the Feast Baptism of the Lord (the Sunday after The Epiphany) has ended. Some interpret this to mean that Ordinary Time begins on Sunday night, while others, including The General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, specifically mention the first period of Ordinary Time beginning on the Monday [or in this year 2012, the Tuesday] after the Baptism of the Lord.

Either way, the point is the same. The next Sunday is still reckoned "The Second Sunday in Ordinary Time," because it is the Sunday of the second week in Ordinary Time. The reckoning can be confusing, and has many asking "what happened to the first Sunday in Ordinary Time?"


This first period of Ordinary Time runs until the Tuesday evening before Ash Wednesday. The Second period of Ordinary Time runs from the Monday after Pentecost until Evening Prayer is said the night before Advent begins. This includes Christ the King Sunday, the final Sunday of Ordinary Time. In some denominations, the Sundays of the second period of Ordinary Time are numbered "Sundays after Pentecost."

Ordinary time does not need to be "ordinary," and is not meant to mean that somehow we get a break from the Liturgical Year. The opposite is true: Ordinary Time celebrates "the mystery of Christ in all its aspects."

Many important liturgical celebrations fall during Ordinary Time, including, Trinity, Corpus Christi, All Saints, the Assumption of Mary, and Christ the King. In addition, the Church continues to celebrate Saints days and other events such as The Octave of Christian Unity.

The major feasts, when occurring on a Sunday, trump the regular Ordinary Time Sunday lessons and liturgy. In the Catholic Church in Canada, Corpus Christi is transferred to a Sunday, so often there are fewer than the 33 or 34 Sundays labelled "Sundays of Ordinary Time," although these Sundays still fall within Ordinary Time.

We also may remember and celebrate the parts of Jesus' life that were ordinary, much like our own lives. The color of green is appropriate because it is the most ordinary color in our natural environment.

History

The use of the term "Ordinary Time" was used before the Second Vatican Council, but it was not until after the council that the term was officially used to designate the period between Epiphany and Lent, and the period between Pentecost and Advent.

Rather than being called the "Season of Ordinary Time," the times were called "Season After Epiphany" and "Season After Pentecost" After the new Catholic Calendar took effect in 1969, these older designations were no longer used. However, some (including some Anglicans) still use the older designations. Interestingly, the Church in the Patristic period never seemed to effectively and concisely classify or label Ordinary Time, even though the time certainly existed (www.churchyear.net).

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